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中国人民大学学报 2017, Vol. 31 Issue (5) :1-11    DOI:
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华北大学的史学教育*——从一份新发现的“史地系小组漫谈”记录说起
姜萌
中国人民大学历史学院
History Education in North China University——The Analysis of a Record of “A Ramble on History and Geography Department”
JIANG Meng
School of History, Renmin University of China,Beijing 100872
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摘要 中国近现代史学史研究已经取得了长足发展,但仍有薄弱之处。研究主题上,史学教育比较薄弱;时段上,20世纪40年代迄改革开放还有很多留白。2015年,中国人民大学历史系资料室搬迁时,意外发现了一份珍贵手稿——《史地系小组漫谈对课目的意见(共两组)》。这份产生于1949年年初的材料,内容不仅涉及稀见的革命根据地史学教育开展情况,还直观地反映了1949年前后中国史学正在发生的变动。这份文献表明,华北大学的史学教育源自华北联合大学和北方大学,继承了华北联合大学的课程设置思路和北方大学的师资力量。通过对华北大学史学课程设置及授课情况的梳理,可以得出这样的认识:华北大学的史学教育既是“战时教育”、“战时史学”的具体体现,同时也深刻影响了史学教育模式在20世纪50年代的快速改移,对中国马克思主义史学的发展影响深远。革命大学教育者坦诚积极的精神,是中国人民大学的宝贵财富,也是当今大学教育者应当继承发扬的优秀遗产。
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姜萌
关键词华北大学    史学教育    马克思主义史学    战时教育    战时史学     
Abstract:  The study of the history of modern Chinese historiography has achieved great progress, but there are still some weaknesses. From the point of view of research, the education of history is relatively weak. In terms of time, from 1940s to the period of reform and opening up, there are still a lot of blank space. In 2015, a valuable manuscript “A Ramble on History and Geography Department about the Opinions of the Subjects(two groups)” was accidentally discovered when the information room of the History Department of Renmin University of China was relocated. The material, produced in early 1949 in North China University, not only involved the development of the history education in the revolutionary base which is rare and precious, but also can reflect the changes of Chinese historiography around 1949.Through this literature, we realized that the history education of North China University was originated from North China United University and North College. It inherits the curriculum of North China United University and the main teaching staff of North College. Through the arrangement of the history courses and the teaching situation in the University of North China, we can come to the conclusion that: the history education of North China University is not only a concrete manifestation of “wartime education” and “wartime historiography”, but also has a profound impact on the rapid change of the history education model in 1950s. All these have farreaching influence on the development of Marxs historiography in China.
KeywordsNorth China University ,   history education ,   Marxist historiography ,   wartime education ,   wartime historiography     
基金资助:中国人民大学科学研究基金“青年明德学者项目”(13XNJ021)
作者简介: 姜萌:中国人民大学历史学院副教授(北京 100872)
引用本文:   
姜萌 .华北大学的史学教育*——从一份新发现的“史地系小组漫谈”记录说起[J]  中国人民大学学报, 2017,V31(5): 1-11
JIANG Meng .History Education in North China University——The Analysis of a Record of “A Ramble on History and Geography Department”[J]  Journal of Renmin University of China, 2017,V31(5): 1-11
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