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中国人民大学学报 2017, Vol. 31 Issue (5) :141-149    DOI:
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上博简《孔子诗论》“大雅”论残简阙文臆补与相关诗学问题
徐正英
中国人民大学文学院
The Supplement of Daya in the Chu State Bamboo Slip Edition of Confucius Commentaries on The Book of Poetry in Shanghai Museum and Related Problem of Poetics
XU Zheng-ying
School of Liberal Arts,Renmin University of China,Beijing 100872
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摘要 上博简《孔子诗论》“大雅”论简残严重,学界皆略而不论。根据对残简阙文性质的推测,所缺简文文字当为“《大雅》盛德也,多言\[周\],□□□□□□□□□□”“\[孔子\]曰:诗其犹平门”“\[有怨王者何如?曰:《大雅》\]是也”。简文的诗学意义在于,“盛德”论揭示出“大雅”文本内容实质是对周民族革故鼎新、除旧布新之维新精神的歌颂;“多言\[周\]”“\[有怨王者\]”概括了“大雅”正反两方面内容性质;“□□□□□□□□□□”启示发现《诗经》四大门类的诗乐分家不同步,孔子时代“大雅”、“小雅”、“邦风”诗乐已分家,而尊贵的“颂”类还一直坚守着乐歌诗三位一体的最后领地。简文还透出另一信息:诗乐分家后,“大雅”“小雅”“邦风”仍可能保留着“徒歌”《诗》之文本的遗风。
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徐正英
关键词《孔子诗论》    “大雅”论;阙文“臆补&rdquo   诗学史问题     
Abstract: Daya in the Chu State bamboo slip edition of Confucius Commentaries on The Book of Poetry in Shanghai Museum is missing seriously, which is scarcely touched upon in academic circles. According to analysis of the contents of residual bamboo slips, the missing words are “Daya is praising the noble morality, mostly about ( Zhou ), □□□□□□□□□□” . And Confucius said The Book of Poetry is divided equally. Significance of poetics lies in the fact that “praising the noble morality” reveals the essence of Daya text contents is a celebration of the endless innovation spirit of Zhou; “Mostly about ( Zhou )”  and “(complaints about king)” summed up both the positive and negative properties of Daya. “□□□□□□□□□□” reveals splits of poem and music between the four categories of poem of the Book of Songs are not synchronized; noble “Ode” also has clung to the very end of the poetry and music trinity territory in Confucius era. It also gives another message: after the split between poetry and music, “Bangfeng” “Xiaoya” “Daya” may still retains the legacy of “pure songs” text of The Book of Poetry.
Keywords Confucius Commentaries on The Book of Poetry ,   Daya theory ,   the supplement of Lacuna ,   problem of poetic history     
基金资助:国家社会科学基金重点项目“先秦出土文献及佚文献文学综合研究”(15AZW004);北京市社会科学基金重大项目“宋前出土文献及佚文献文学研究”(15ZDA13)
作者简介: 徐正英:中国人民大学文学院教授,博士生导师(北京 100872)
引用本文:   
徐正英 .上博简《孔子诗论》“大雅”论残简阙文臆补与相关诗学问题[J]  中国人民大学学报, 2017,V31(5): 141-149
XU Zheng-ying .The Supplement of Daya in the Chu State Bamboo Slip Edition of Confucius Commentaries on The Book of Poetry in Shanghai Museum and Related Problem of Poetics[J]  Journal of Renmin University of China, 2017,V31(5): 141-149
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