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中国人民大学学报 2017, Vol. 31 Issue (6) :52-59    DOI:
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弗雷格的本体论的研究方法及难题
许涤非#br#
中国人民大学哲学院
Freges Methods of Ontology Research and Their Dilemmas
XU Di-fei
School of Philosophy, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872
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摘要 弗雷格反对把心理主义作为认识论的基础,把如何不诉诸直观来解释客观对象作为其哲学任务。
弗雷格的“客观性”和“对象”都有其特殊含义,对它们的理解成为理解其实在论的关键。他在本体论上的研究方法依赖于表达式的不同逻辑类型的划分,因此,怎样不诉诸直观来划分不同逻辑类型的语言表达式就成为弗雷格本体论需要回答的一个重大问题。弗雷格本人并未解决这个问题,达米特检测从某种程度上实现了这一个目标,但是检测还有待完善。如果单称词项检测可行,那么弗雷格不诉诸直观来解释什么是对象的本体论策略就可行,因而他对心理主义的批评就仍然有意义。
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许涤非
关键词弗雷格    本体论    单称词项    指称    客观     
Abstract: Frege objected to taking psychologism as the basis of epistemology, and therefore how to explain objective objects without resorting to intuition became a task of his philosophy. Freges “objective” and “object” have their own special meanings, which are essential for our understanding of his realism. As his methods of ontology research depend on different logical types of expressions, how to classify those expressions without resorting to intuition remains a major problem to be answered by Freges theory. Frege himself failed to come up with a solution for the problem, whereas Dummetts tests achieve this goal to some extent, though his tests leave room for improvement. Even if there are perfect tests for singular terms, Freges ontology is still facing a threat. However the way Frege explained ontological entities such as objects without resorting to intuition is feasible, and therefore his criticism of psychologism would still be significant.
Keywords Frege ,   Ontology ,   singular terms ,   referents ,   objective     
基金资助:中国人民大学科学研究基金项目“自然主义世界观下的表征理论、语义理论及其逻辑应用”(13XNJ047)
作者简介: 许涤非:哲学博士,中国人民大学哲学院副教授(北京 100872)
引用本文:   
许涤非 .弗雷格的本体论的研究方法及难题[J]  中国人民大学学报, 2017,V31(6): 52-59
XU Di-fei .Freges Methods of Ontology Research and Their Dilemmas[J]  Journal of Renmin University of China, 2017,V31(6): 52-59
链接本文:  
http://xsqks.ruc.edu.cn/Jweb_rdxb/CN/      或     http://xsqks.ruc.edu.cn/Jweb_rdxb/CN/Y2017/V31/I6/52
 
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