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中国人民大学学报 2017, Vol. 31 Issue (6) :98-108    DOI:
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人工智能时代的价值审度与伦理调适
段伟文
中国社会科学院哲学研究所
Value Reflection and Ethical Adjustment in the Era of Artificial Intelligence
DUAN Wei-wen
Institute of Philosophy,Chinese Academy of Social Sciences,Beijing 100732
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摘要 人工智能体的拟主体性赋予了人工智能特有的拟伦理角色。通过对此拟伦理角色的分析,可以看到人工智能的价值审度与伦理调适的基本路径应为负责任的创新和主体权利保护。立足对合成智能与人造劳动者的价值审度,可提出寻求算法决策与算法权力的公正性,呼唤更加透明、可理解和可追责的智能系统,反思智能化的合理性及其与人的存在价值的冲突等价值诉求。应从有限自主与交互智能体概念出发,进一步展开对人工智能的价值校准和伦理调适,这不仅有助于把握人工智能伦理研究与相关伦理规范和标准的内涵,还可揭示“科技—产业—伦理”异质性实践所应有的明智。
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段伟文
关键词人工智能    伦理    智能体    拟主体性    负责任的创新     
Abstract: The quasisubjectivity of artificial intelligence agents gives artificial intelligence a unique quasi ethical role. Through analysis of the quasi ethical role of the agents, we can see that the basic approach of value reflection and ethical adjustment on the artificial intelligence should be responsible innovation and the protection of subject rights.Based on the evaluation of the value of synthetic intelligence and artificial laborers, it is necessary to put forward some value pursuits, which include seeking fairness of algorithmic decision and algorithm power, calling for a more transparent, understandable and accountable intelligent system, reflecting on the confliction between the rationality of intelligence and the value of human existence. What is more, we should introduce the value alignment and ethical adjustment of AI based on the concept of limited autonomy and interactive agent, so as to facilitate the analyzing of the meaning of artificial intelligence ethics and related ethical norms and standards, as well as the exploringof the necessary prudence in the heterogeneity practice of “science and technologyindustryethics”.
Keywordsartificial intelligence ,   ethics ,   agents ,   quasisubjectivity ,   responsible innovation     
作者简介: 段伟文:哲学博士,中国社会科学院哲学研究所研究员(北京 100732 )
引用本文:   
段伟文 .人工智能时代的价值审度与伦理调适[J]  中国人民大学学报, 2017,V31(6): 98-108
DUAN Wei-wen .Value Reflection and Ethical Adjustment in the Era of Artificial Intelligence[J]  Journal of Renmin University of China, 2017,V31(6): 98-108
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