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中国人民大学学报 2017, Vol. 31 Issue (6) :145-152    DOI:
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秦县中的史类吏员研究
朱腾
中国人民大学法学院
Research on the Officials of Shi in the County of Qin
ZHU Teng
School of Law, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872
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摘要 在秦县中存在着大量以“某史”为官称的吏员,他们是活跃于秦县行政第一线的书记小吏。秦以官文书为行政运转的必要渠道,这些史类吏员则以官文书之书写、制作与保管为其基本职能。不仅如此,由于县中的长吏们往往因政务繁多而无暇事必躬亲,面对官文书所涉事项,他们往往会令“某史”们调查事态。这使史类吏员广泛参与了秦县的治理,从而获得了衍生性职能。至于“某史”们何以能适应官文书的不断流转,其职业素养或许是一个重要原因,而此种素养是在其以史学童的身份学习行政文字时逐渐形成的。在一定程度上,秦的文书行政就是官文书、史类吏员及行政文字的合成物。
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朱腾
关键词史类吏员    官文书    行政文字    官僚制     
Abstract: There were lots of officials owning the title of Shi in the county of QinThey had low status, with writing archives as their function, but were activated at the administration of the countyQin regarded the archives as indispensable channel for the operation of administration, and the officials of Shis basic function was just the writing, making and protecting the archivesFurthermore, when the officials of high status in the county encountered the government affairs written in the archives, as they could not dispose all of the affairs of themselves because of the heavy weight of these affairs, they would let the officials of Shi investigate the affairsIt may make they take part in the rule to the county extensively, and thus acquired derivative functionsTo the reason why the officials of Shi could adjust to the continuously operation of the archives, their vocational quality may be important, and this quality was progressively formed when they studied the administrative characters as a student of ShiTo some extent, the archive administration of Qin was the compound of archives, officials of Shi and administrative characters
Keywordsofficials of Shi ,   archives ,   administrative characters ,   bureaucracy     
基金资助:国家社会科学基金青年项目“简牍所见秦县治理研究”( 17CFX006)
作者简介: 朱腾:中国人民大学法学院副教授(北京 100872)
引用本文:   
朱腾 .秦县中的史类吏员研究[J]  中国人民大学学报, 2017,V31(6): 145-152
ZHU Teng .Research on the Officials of Shi in the County of Qin[J]  Journal of Renmin University of China, 2017,V31(6): 145-152
链接本文:  
http://xsqks.ruc.edu.cn/Jweb_rdxb/CN/      或     http://xsqks.ruc.edu.cn/Jweb_rdxb/CN/Y2017/V31/I6/145
 
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