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中国人民大学学报 2018, Vol. 32 Issue (3) :2-15    DOI:
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农村改革40年:影响中国经济社会发展的五大事件
马晓河1,刘振中1,钟钰2
1   中国宏观经济研究院产业经济与技术经济研究所    2  中国农业科学院农业经济研究所
Forty Years of Rural Reform: The Five Major Events Affecting Chinas Economic and Social Developments
MA Xiaohe1, LIU Zhenzhong1, ZHONG Yu2
1Chinese Academy of Macroeconomic,Beijing 100038;
2Institute of Agricultural Economics, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100081
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摘要 40年来,农村有五大事件对中国经济社会发展产生了重大而深远的影响。土地制度改革,从体制根子上解决了农产品供给激励机制缺乏问题,为中国在40年里利用人口红利实现经济高速增长提供了难得的条件;以市场化为目标的农产品购销体制改革,为国民经济市场化改革提供了可借鉴的经验;乡镇企业的迅猛发展推进了我国经济结构的战略转型;农村税费改革催生了城乡公共服务均等化;精准扶贫脱贫为建立以中等收入群体为主的橄榄型社会新格局积累了条件。今后,全面建成社会主义现代化强国,“三农”问题仍不可忽视,必须重塑城乡关系,加快农业农村优先发展。
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马晓河1
刘振中1
钟钰2
关键词农业农村    改革发展    五大事件    重大影响     
Abstract: In recent 40 years, there have been five most meaningful events that have had huge impact on Chinas economy and society. The reform of land system has fundamentally solved the problem of the lack of incentive mechanism of the supply of agricultural products and provided the opportunity for the high growth demographic dividend; the marketoriented reform of the grain distribution system has provided valuable experience for the reform of the national economy; the rapid development of rural township enterprises has promoted the strategic transformation and upgrading of economic structure; the rural taxation expenses reform has spawned the equalization of urban and rural public services; the targeted poverty reduction and alleviation has accumulated the conditions for the establishment of a new “oliveshaped” society based on medium income groups. The “Three Rural Issues” is still nonnegligible in the future. It is necessary to rebuild the relationship and accelerate the development of urban and rural areas.
Keywordsagriculture and rural areas ,   reform and development ,   five major events ,   huge impact     
作者简介: 马晓河: 管理学博士,中国宏观经济研究院研究员,博士生导师;刘振中:管理学博士,中国宏观经济研究院产业经济与技术经济研究所副研究员(北京 100038);钟钰: 管理学博士,中国农业科学院农业经济研究所研究员(北京 100081)
引用本文:   
马晓河1, 刘振中1, 钟钰2 .农村改革40年:影响中国经济社会发展的五大事件[J]  中国人民大学学报, 2018,V32(3): 2-15
MA Xiaohe1, LIU Zhenzhong1, ZHONG Yu2 .Forty Years of Rural Reform: The Five Major Events Affecting Chinas Economic and Social Developments[J]  Journal of Renmin University of China, 2018,V32(3): 2-15
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