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中国人民大学学报 2018, Vol. 32 Issue (3) :26-35    DOI:
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改革开放以来国家与农民关系的变化:基于权益视角
孔祥智
中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院
Changes in the Relationship between the State and Farmers Since the Beginning of the Reform and Openingup:Based on the Perspective of Rights and Interests
KONG Xiangzhi
School of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Renmin University of China, Beijing 10087
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摘要 传统农村经济体制的三大制度——统购统销、人民公社、户籍管制是相互联系、不可分割的有机整体。这一制度的最大净收益就是初步建成了新中国的工业体系,但到了20世纪70年代末期,其制度净收益已经等于甚至小于零,制度变迁迫在眉睫。通过改革人民公社体制,农民获得了资源配置主体权益;通过改革统购派购制度,农民获得了市场主体权益;通过改革户籍管理制度,农民获得了自由迁徙权益。实施十九大报告提出的乡村振兴战略,关键还在于保障农民权益,包括财产权、自主经营权以及与城镇居民同等的权益。
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孔祥智
关键词农村改革    利益关系    权益    乡村振兴     
Abstract: Unified purchase and sale,peoples commune and the household registration are the three major systems of traditional rural economic system,which are an interconnected and indivisible organic whole. The biggest net benefit of this system is the initial establishment of the industrial system of New China. By the end of the 1979s, however, the net income of the system was already equal to or even less than zero. Institutional changes are imminent. Through the reform of the peoples commune system, farmers have obtained a reasonable allocation of resources;by the reform of unified purchase and sale system,farmers gain market entity interest;after the household registration reformation,farmers gain free migration rights. The 19th CPC National Congress proposed a strategy of rural vitalization. The key to implementing the strategy is to protect the rights and interests of farmers, which covers property rights, independent management rights, and equal rights and interests with urban residents.
Keywordsrural reform ,   interest relations ,   rights and interests ,   rural vitalization     
基金资助:研究阐述党的十九大精神国家社会科学基金专项课题“实现小农户和现代农业发展有机衔接研究”(18VSJ062)
作者简介: 孔祥智:中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院教授,博士生导师,中国人民大学国家发展与战略研究院研究员(北京 100872)
引用本文:   
孔祥智 .改革开放以来国家与农民关系的变化:基于权益视角[J]  中国人民大学学报, 2018,V32(3): 26-35
KONG Xiangzhi .Changes in the Relationship between the State and Farmers Since the Beginning of the Reform and Openingup:Based on the Perspective of Rights and Interests[J]  Journal of Renmin University of China, 2018,V32(3): 26-35
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