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中国人民大学学报 2018, Vol. 32 Issue (3) :43-53    DOI:
出土文献与秦汉历史研究 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 << | >>
里耶秦简牍户籍文书妻从夫姓蠡测
孙兆华1,王子今2#br#
1   首都师范大学历史学院;    2  中国人民大学国学院、出土文献与中国古代文明研究协同创新中心
An Estimation of the Phenomenon of Women Taking their Husbands Surnames in Household Registration Documents in Qin Slips of Liye#br#
SUN Zhaohua1, WANG Zijin2
1School of History, Capital Normal University,Beijing 100048;
2School of Chinese Classics, Renmin University of China,Collaborative Innovation Center for Research of Unearthed Literature and Ancient Chinese Civilization,Beijing 100872
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摘要 里耶秦简牍户籍文书所见妻不书姓现象,或许反映了妻从夫姓的社会情形。其中只有户人书姓,体现了秦文书的简洁,也体现出秦户籍管理中以户人为中心的原则。户人之妻不书姓,可能是从夫姓,或体现了出嫁从夫观念在秦边疆地带的普遍流行。西北汉简所见卒家属廪名籍、葆出入名籍、吏及家属符和过关简牍中妻从夫姓明显,孙吴的临湘侯国户籍简牍则存在妻不书姓现象,两者或可证明里耶秦简牍户籍文书中的妻从夫姓情形延及后世。
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孙兆华1
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关键词里耶秦简牍    户籍    汉简    吴简    妻从夫姓     
Abstract: The phenomenon of women without their surnames in household registration documents in Qin Slips of Liye may reflect the social situation that women took their husbands surnames. However the fact that householders surnames were registered may both embody the conciseness of Qin documents and reflect the principle of focusing on householders in the household registration of Qin Dynasty. The householders wives without their surnames may demonstrate taking their husbands surnames, which may indicate the wide popularity of the concept of women following their husbands after marriage in the border area of the Qin Dynasty. The women taking their husbands surnames are obvious in relevant Han Slips from the northwest region, whereas the womens surnames werent registered on household registration documents in relevant Wu Slips from the southeast region. The above two situations may reflect the fact that women taking their husbands surnames in household registration documents in Qin Slips of Liye produced a lasting influence.
Keywords Qin Slips of Liye ,   household registration ,   Han Slips ,   Wu Slips ,   women taking their husbands surnames     
基金资助:国家社会科学基金重大项目“秦统一及其历史意义再研究”(14ZDB028)
作者简介: 孙兆华:首都师范大学历史学院博士后研究人员(北京 100048);王子今:中国人民大学国学院、出土文献与中国古代文明研究协同创新中心教授,博士生导师(北京 100872)
引用本文:   
孙兆华1, 王子今2 .里耶秦简牍户籍文书妻从夫姓蠡测[J]  中国人民大学学报, 2018,V32(3): 43-53
SUN Zhaohua1, WANG Zijin2 .An Estimation of the Phenomenon of Women Taking their Husbands Surnames in Household Registration Documents in Qin Slips of Liye#br#[J]  Journal of Renmin University of China, 2018,V32(3): 43-53
链接本文:  
http://xsqks.ruc.edu.cn/Jweb_rdxb/CN/      或     http://xsqks.ruc.edu.cn/Jweb_rdxb/CN/Y2018/V32/I3/43
 
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